At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, the grass-roots units of the military system were "wei" and "situ". Each guardian had about 5,000 regular sergeants, and its subordinate houses were divided into thousands of households and hundreds of households. It is 48. In the fifteenth year of Hongwu, Zhu Yuanzhang decided to reform the Guards and established twelve pro-military guards, the most important of which was "Jinyiwei" .
Jin Yiwei Commander, referred to as Jin Yiwei, is directly responsible to the emperor. The school that went out to do business was called 缇 riding. In the fifteenth year of Hongwu (1382), it was restructured on the basis of the former pro-military government and the ceremonial division. Under the jurisdiction of the Division, the North and South Towns Fusi and pro-military institutes, the Taming Elephant and other fourteen. After Yongle, it is divided into Jinyiwei and Nanjing Jinyiwei.
Jinyi Weizhang Weiwu: Only one or two people are in charge of the guardianship. Most of them are governed by the governor (just one product), the governor of the same governor (from one product), the governor of the governor (the second product), and the commander (the second product). Command anecdote (from the second product) and other one or two honours.
Commander: Zheng Sanpin, the nominal Jinyiwei sergeant, the descendants of many honours of the Ming Dynasty were awarded the official position, in fact, regardless of the virtual title, and at the same time many people have the title.
Commanding the same knowledge: From the three products, set up two people, assist the commander.
Command anecdote: 正四品.
South and North Town Fusi Town caress: five products, each set one person.
Thousands of households: Five products, set up fourteen people.
Deputy thousand households: from five products.
Hundreds of households: Zheng six products.
Try a hundred households: from six products.
Total flag: Zhengqipin.
Small flag: From the seven products.
Lux and the schoolmaster: ordinary sergeant.
Jin Yiwei’s business position is “to direct the guards, to inspect and arrest”, this sentence includes the two executive bodies and authority of Jin Yiwei:
First, General Han Han: Supervising the emperor's bodyguards, displaying the ceremonial ceremonies, passing the emperor's orders, and arranging the squad and other things, it can be said that it is no different from the general Guards (only the squad is the exclusive jinyiwei).
Second, the experience division and the South and North (name, non-orientation) Zhenfu Division : This aspect is the different characteristics of Jinyiwei and the general Guards, which are described as follows:
Experience Division: Responsible for the entry, writing and archival storage of Jin Yiwei's official documents.
Nanzhen Fusi: In charge of criminal investigation, trial, judgment, intelligence and research and development of military weapons of general guards and personnel.
Beizhen Fusi: Supervising the local kings and officials to secretly monitor, counter-corruption, independent investigation, arrest, judgment, imprisonment power (prison) and counter-espionage matters.
The town of Fushou , the core organization of the Ming Dynasty, is a criminal and a military sergeant. It is unique to non-Jinyiwei and is equivalent to the current Military Law Office or military court.
At the time of Ming Chengzu, the Jinsiwei Town Fusi Division was divided into two divisions, the South and the North. Among them, "South Town Fusi" is responsible for the law and discipline of the guard. The case of the "North Town Fusi" was preached by the emperor, and he had his own prison (prison), which he could arrest, torture, and execute without going through the judiciary. There are countless deaths from torture. There are five health centers under the south and north towns, and the governors call thousands, hundred, total, and small flags. The general sergeant is called the school sergeant and the sergeant.
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